We have a wide range of original prints available in the gallery, both framed and unframed, including Etchings, Linocuts, Screenprints, Wood Engravings and Woodcuts. What is an Original Print? An artist makes an original print as a distinct piece of art. It is not a copy or reproduction of an existing work. There are traditionally four main ...
We have a wide range of original prints available in the gallery, both framed and unframed, including Etchings, Linocuts, Screenprints, Wood Engravings and Woodcuts. What is an Original Print? An artist makes an original print as a distinct piece of art. It is not a copy or reproduction of an existing work. There are traditionally four main Printmaking processes - Etching, Lithography, Relief Printing (which includes Linocuts and Wood Engraving) and Screenprinting. To these has been added Digital Printmaking. The processes of Printmaking are technically demanding and each print takes considerable time to produce, being hand printed using non-mechanical methods. More complex prints are printed a number of times, depending on the complexity of the design and the colours used. Prints are generally made in editions and these editions are a fixed number so that the buyer knows how many have been produced. These are then titled, signed and numbered by the artist.
Linocuts are relief prints. The surface of a piece of lino is carved into with gouges or chisels to create the design. It is then inked with a roller. A sheet of paper is laid on top of the lino and the image is printed in a press. Because a linocut is basically like a giant stamp, the image appears in reverse after printing, so the artist needs to think backwards while carving the design, especially if it includes text. Linocuts can be as simple or as complex as the artist wishes. A different block may be used for different colours or the relief surface may be carved away between inkings to change the parts which are inked. Linocuts are generally produced in small editions as the lino block tends to deteriorate with use. Creating linocuts is not for the faint hearted. Once a cut is made, there’s no going back, but skilled printmakers can produce wonderful effects.
Digital printmaking takes advantage of developments in technology and computing. A fine art digital print exists only in a digital format until it is printed. It is created on screen using varied processes. So, it is not a scan or photograph of an existing painting or print but an artwork created specifically for a pigment printer. The potential of digital printmaking is limitless and exciting.
Lithography is a printing process based on the fact that grease and water do not mix. An image is drawn on a flat stone or metal plate using a greasy substance so that ink will adhere to it, while non-image areas are made ink-repellent. The printing surface is kept wet, so that a roller charged with oil-based ink can be rolled over the surface, and ink will only stick to the grease-receptive image area. Paper is then placed against the surface and the plate is run through a press. The plate can then be cleaned and re-drawn for additional layers and colours.